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Schizophrenia, by definition, is a severe,
Schizophrenia, by definition, is a severe, chronic, and disabling brain disorder that has been characterized throughout recorded history. Normally, the first signs of schizophrenia emerge in the teenage years or early twenties. It is a type of psychosis, which involves impairment of thinking wherein the interpretation of reality is different or abnormal. It could not be tracked in early phases that is why it is uncommon in children. Literally speaking, the term "schizophrenia" means split mind; however, a lot of people still believe incorrectly that the condition causes a split. Its cause is still unclear. Schizophrenics might hear voices other people don''t hear or they have odd beliefs like people controlling their own thoughts, reading their minds, or planning to harm them. There are psychotic disorders such as bipolar disorder in a manic phase and delusive disorder shares some of the positive symptoms of schizophrenia however, it could have different courses and prognosis.
What are the causes of Schizophrenia? It could be any of these or a mix of these: Genetic factors, Chemical or subtle structural abnormalities in the brain, Biological and environmental factors, a Family history of Schizophrenia, Psychological and social factors, Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Next, are the signs of schizophrenia: Loss of appetite, The sense of being controlled by outside forces, Delusions, Incoherence (not understandable), Regressive behavior, Diminishment of the self, Inability to take care of personal needs, Violence, Argumentativeness and Lack of pleasure in everyday life.
Now that we know its causes and signs, how does one treat schizophrenia? Is there anyway a schizophrenic could be treated? The following are the methods or ways: People who has acute symptoms of schizophrenia may require intensive treatment which includes hospitalization, Antipsychotic or neuroleptic medications (such as ziprasidone, risperidone, clozapine, quetiapine, olanzapine and aripiprazole) work by changing the balances of chemicals in the brain and are being used to control the symptoms of the illness, problem-focused and Supportive forms of psychotherapy are also helpful for many individuals, if schizophrenics become depressed, it is highly suggested to add an antidepressant to their drug regimen, Individual therapy also helps since Cognitive therapy involves a therapist that would help the patient to learn ways of coping with stressful situations and thoughts to reduce the risk of a relapse.
Schizophrenics who lack family, financial and social support may be helped by intensive case management programs which promote active outreach and linkage to a range of community support services.
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